The Definition of God that exists with us is – “a superhuman spirit which is omnipotent, omniscient, and perfectly good( omnibenevolent )“. Now, lets look into the words used to define the characteristics of the God more closely.
Omnipotent:- It means almighty or having unlimited power
Omniscient:- Infinitely wise or one who knows everything
Perfectly Good:- It means infinitely good and therefore, someone who is against( and will try to remove ) any bad or evil .
We have seen Bollywood Heroes in movie who are just ‘some unit’ good and powerful and try to remove evil from the society. Here, I say if someone/something is some good and has some power, then less ‘evil’ would exist. Upon increasing goodness, power and knowledge, evil will eventually go down. As God is infinitely good, infinitely knowledgeable and infinitely powerful, he will try to bring evil down. Considering someone infinitely good, infinitely knowledgeable and infinitely powerful is present, then how evil, pain and suffering exist?
This is the famous ‘Problem of evil’ proposed first by famous philosopher Epicurus. He said “Is God willing to prevent evil, but not able? Then he is not omnipotent. Is he able, but not willing? Then he is malevolent. Is he both able and willing? Then whence cometh evil? Is he neither able nor willing? Then why call him God?” . Well! If it does not make sense in the form of sentence, then lets analyse this argument logically
- If an all-powerful and perfectly good God exists, then evil does not.
- There is evil in the world.
- Therefore, an all-powerful and perfectly good God does not exist.
This argument is of the form modus tollem, and so is logically valid – if its premises are true, the conclusion must be true. Therefore, simple mathematics tells us that Good God does not exist. We always says “Almighty God” but as per mathematics “God cannot be almighty”!
Philosophers have long pondered over the paradox. Their basic argument rather lies in the denying the premise- “If an all-powerful and perfectly good God exists, then evil does not” or denying the conclusion.Let us deny the premise first i.e God is not all-powerful and perfectly good. Well, that completely justifies the existence of evil. In polytheism, the individual deities are usually not omnipotent or omnibenevolent.
Few Philosophers argue that evil exists to justify more good. Now, in the case conclusion is extended and case is solved. Philosophers say God allows evil temporarily in order to achieve something of more good. Thereby, they say that all evil that exists leads eventually to goodness and thus, adding goodness to God. In this case, all Good God can exist and parallely evil can also exist.
There are lots of counter arguments also for the defense (for almighty God) given above. Still the argument goes on whether God exists!